🎰 How Casinos Enable Gambling Addicts - The Atlantic

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Gambling case law. public interest objectives such as the protection of minors, the fight against gambling addiction, and the prevention of crime and fraud.


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Gambling case law. public interest objectives such as the protection of minors, the fight against gambling addiction, and the prevention of crime and fraud.


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But this isn't necessarily true when it comes to cases involving gamblers and casinos. In fact, over half of the most-famous court battles between.


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THE apparent financial success of gambling casinos in Nevada and New Jersey has aroused the enthusiasm of casino supporters in other states.


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Phil Ivey vs Crockfords. Arguably the most famous gambling court case in history is one that is actually still ongoing. Professional poker player.


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sets reopening date for amusement parks, casinos after lawsuit filed lawsuits against DeWine's administration on Thursday, saying orders.


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Now she's chasing the longest of long shots: a $20 million racketeering lawsuit against six Atlantic City casinos, and one in Las Vegas, claiming.


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Now she's chasing the longest of long shots: a $20 million racketeering lawsuit against six Atlantic City casinos, and one in Las Vegas, claiming.


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In , she filed a lawsuit against both Mountaineer Casino and International Game Technology, the manufacturer of the slot machines her husband played. Neuroscientists have discovered characteristics that appear to be unique to the brains of addicts, particularly in the dopaminergic system, which includes reward pathways, and in the prefrontal cortex, which exerts executive control over impulses. Or was he the victim—as the suit alleged—of a system carefully calibrated to prey upon his weakness, one that robbed him of his money, his hope, and ultimately his life? Management assigned Richardson an executive host, who offered her free drinks, meals, hotel stays, and tickets to entertainment events. All of these data have enabled casinos to specifically target their most reliable spenders, primarily problem gamblers and outright addicts. According to a article in Time magazine, back in the s casino operators bought records from credit-card companies and mailing lists from direct-mail marketers. Stevens, 52, left the casino and wrote a five-page letter to Stacy. At least nine independent studies demonstrate that problem gamblers generate anywhere from 30 to 60 percent of total gambling revenues. In Vegas, Stevens had always kept plans to join her and the girls for lunch. When money appeared from his occasional wins, he claimed that he had been doing some online trading. Some gambling addicts report that they experience a high resembling that produced by a powerful drug. Some hosts receive bonuses that are tied to the amount customers spend beyond their expected losses, which are calculated using the data gathered from previous visits. Given the guilt and shame involved, gambling addiction frequently progresses to a profound despair. Stevens doted on his girls and threw himself into causes that benefited them. He used his work address for his gambling correspondence: W-2Gs the IRS form used to report gambling winnings , wire transfers, casino mailings. Moreover, when they gamble, they spend—which is to say, lose—more than other players. Stevens never did come clean with her about how much he had stolen or about how often he had been gambling. It increased the limits on some slot machines so that she could spend more on single games. But since Congress passed the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act in , tribal and commercial casinos have rapidly proliferated across the country, with some 1, now operating in 40 states. Gambling addicts may have a genetic predisposition, though a specific marker has not yet been uncovered. Unlike in his earlier gambling cases, however, he decided to include a products-liability claim in this one, essentially arguing that slot machines are knowingly designed to deceive players so that when they are used as intended, they cause harm. Yet despite the fact that there is no external chemical at work on the brain, the neurological and physiological reactions to the stimulus are similar to those of drug or alcohol addicts. In focusing on the question of product liability, Noffsinger was borrowing from the rule book of early antitobacco litigation strategy, which, over the course of several decades and countless lawsuits, ultimately succeeded in getting courts to hold the industry liable for the damage it wrought on public health. Their prevalence has accelerated addiction and reaped huge profits for casino operators. In some machines, miniature cameras watch their faces and track their playing behavior. At p. Stevens got his first taste of casino gambling while attending a trade show in Las Vegas. In , Richardson, then 54, was sentenced to 14 to 20 years in prison for the crime. Noffsinger, 72, has been here before. Others outside the industry estimate the number of gambling addicts in the country to be higher. At home, he was always on time for dinner. Even after he was fired, Stevens kept gambling as often as five or six times a week. According to some research, 20 percent of regular gamblers are problem or pathological gamblers. The National Council on Problem Gambling estimates that one in five gambling addicts attempts suicide—the highest rate among addicts of any kind. When the casino sued her for damages on the money she owed, Kephart countersued. And, despite the popularity of slot machines and the decades of innovation surrounding them, when adjusted for inflation, there has not been a significant increase in the amount spent by customers on slot-machine gambling during an average casino visit. Stevens methodically concealed his addiction from his wife. Now he told Bender what he was about to do. The business plan for casinos is based on the addicted gambler. Like drug addicts, they develop a tolerance, and when they cannot gamble, they show signs of withdrawal such as panic attacks, anxiety, insomnia, headaches, and heart palpitations. It also made a new machine off-limits to other customers so that Richardson could be the first to play it. E ven by the estimates of the National Center for Responsible Gaming, which was founded by industry members, 1. Even his best friend and brother-in-law, Carl Nelson, who occasionally gambled alongside Stevens, had no inkling of his problem. Up until that point, he had put on a brave face for Bender, saying he would accept responsibility and serve his time. Stacy had no idea. At issue was the fundamental question of who killed Scott Stevens. Such addicts simply cannot stop themselves, regardless of the consequences. The preferred mode of gambling these days is electronic gaming machines, of which there are now almost 1 million nationwide, offering variations on slots and video poker. Gambling is a drug-free addiction. On a subsequent trip, he hit a jackpot on a slot machine and was hooked. Kephart had filed for bankruptcy after going broke gambling in Iowa, and moved to Tennessee. Stacy thought that her husband was off to a job interview followed by an appointment with his therapist. Some of the companies also sell information on their ATM customers to the casinos. There are no accurate figures for suicides related to gambling problems, but there are ample anecdotes: the police officer who shot himself in the head at a Detroit casino; the accountant who jumped to his death from a London skyscraper in despair over his online-gambling addiction; the year-old student who killed himself in Las Vegas after losing his financial-aid money to gambling; and, of course, Stevens himself. Environmental factors and personality traits—a big gambling win within the past year, companions who gamble regularly, impulsivity, depression—may also contribute to the development of a gambling problem. He sometimes did this three or four times in a single day. Stacy noticed that he was irritable more frequently than usual and that he sometimes snapped at the girls, but she figured that it was the fallout of his unemployment. Several companies supply casinos with ATMs that allow patrons to withdraw funds through both debit and cash-advance functions, in some cases without ever leaving the machines they are playing. In , he sued Aztar Indiana Gaming, of Evansville, on behalf of David Williams, then 51 years old, who had been an auditor for the State of Indiana. So she was stunned when he called her with bad news on January 30, She was on the stairs with a load of laundry when the phone rang. Failing his daughters had been the final blow. She liked shopping, sitting by the pool, even occasionally playing the slots with her husband. Each time a patron hits the Spin or the Deal button, which can be as frequently as to 1, times an hour, the casino registers the data. Casinos know exactly who their biggest spenders are. Alarmed, Bender tried to talk him out of it. Stevens parked his Jeep in the gravel lot and called Ricky Gurbst, a Cleveland attorney whose firm, Squire Patton Boggs, represented Berkman, where Stevens had worked for 14 years—until six and a half months earlier, when the firm discovered that he had been stealing company funds to feed his gambling habit and fired him. He unpacked his Browning semiautomatic gauge shotgun, loaded it, and sat on one of the railroad ties that rimmed the parking lot. Around noon, he gave up. A soft-spoken personal-injury attorney based in Indiana, he has filed two previous lawsuits against casinos. Maybe this time it would pay out enough to save him. When Stevens ran out of money at the casino, he would leave, write a company check on one of the Berkman accounts for which he had check-cashing privileges, and return to the casino with more cash. He next called J. When he headed to the casino, he told her he was going to see his therapist, that he was networking, that he had other appointments. He was meticulous about finances, both professionally and personally. They also employ hosts who befriend large spenders and use special offers to encourage them to stay longer or return soon. P roblem gamblers are worth a lot of money to casinos. His colleagues did not question his absences from the office, because his job involved overseeing various companies in different locations. When Noffsinger filed the Stevens lawsuit, John W. Over the next six years, his gambling hobby became an addiction.

Modern slot machines develop an unbreakable hold on many players—some of whom wind up losing their jobs, their families, and even, as in the case of Scott Stevens, their lives.

A representative cases against casinos Ameristar Casino declined to comment on the lawsuit.

O n the morning of Monday, August 13, , Scott Stevens loaded a brown hunting bag into his Jeep Grand Cherokee, then went to the master bedroom, where he hugged Stacy, his wife of 23 years. Four years later, Noffsinger filed a suit on behalf of Jenny Kephart, then 52 years old, against Caesars Riverboat Casino, in Elizabeth, Indiana, alleging that the casino, aware that Kephart was a pathological gambler, knowingly enticed her into gambling in order to profit from her addiction. They brought the kids in the summer and made a family vacation of it by visiting the Grand Canyon, the Hoover Dam, and Disneyland. He kept separate bank accounts. But the U. That is more than the number of women living in the U. He had raised funds for these green fields, tended them with his lawn mower, and watched his daughters play on them. The thefts ultimately put the company out of business. Afterward, Stacy studied gambling addiction and the ways slot machines entice customers to part with their money. Back home, Stevens became a regular at the Mountaineer Casino. Scott and Stacy soon began making several trips a year to Vegas. Did he die because he was unable to rein in his own addictive need to gamble? When he first met Stacy, in , he insisted that she pay off her credit-card debt immediately. He asked that she have him cremated. He placed the letter and the check in an envelope, drove to the Steubenville post office, and mailed it. These days, the casinos have their own internal methods for determining who their most attractive customers are. He spent time on weekends painting the high-school cafeteria and stripping the hallway floors.